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Aims of Guidance


The following principles constitute over-arching considerations related to the provision of guidance services.

  1. Educational and vocational guidance, including career development, is a life-long process. Although historically most guidance services have been offered during the years of formal education or at the point of transition into training or employment, changing world conditions make it imperative that educational and vocational guidance services be provided throughout the life span, life-long and life-wide.
  2. All people, regardless of age, gender, race, ethnicity, belief, disability, or sexual orientation, are entitled to educational and vocational guidance services from a competent practitioner, irrespective of their employment status, occupation level, geographic remoteness, the mode of compensation they receive, or whether they participate within or outside the formal labour market.
  3. Educational and vocational guidance services can be offered through a variety of agencies, including (but not restricted to) schools, colleges and universities, community agencies, government departments, public employment services, trade unions, and private enterprises.
  4. Those who need guidance should receive it from competent practitioners. In addition to preservice professional training, in-service training, and continuing education are essential for professionals that seek to offer competent and up-to-date guidance services.
  5. The guidance practitioners’ responsibilities to the client may not always be discharged fully by direct service to the individual. Therefore, practitioners have the right and duty to engage in advocacy with those who influence and control the range and number of opportunities available to clients.

Following from the above general principles, the aims of educational and vocational guidance are to assist people in making their personal decisions about learning and work. This is achieved by helping them to:

  1. Understand and appreciate their needs, values, skills, and abilities in the context of the dynamic relationship between people and their environments;
  2. Relate effectively with others;
  3. Explore career alternatives;
  4. Develop appropriate plans for educational and career management; and
  5. Integrate successfully into society and the labour market.

Therefore the Mission of IAEVG is to:

  1. Advocate that all people who need and want educational and vocational guidance and counselling can receive it from a competent and recognised professional;
  2. Work towards addressing diversity and social justice issues in education and work;
  3. Work with policy makers to achieve a basic quality standard of service;
  4. Recommend minimum qualifications that all educational and vocational guidance practitioners should have;
  5. Support the development of methods for evaluating guidance and counselling;
  6. Assist in the areas of research, practice, and policy development for the preparation of appropriate and effective methods and materials for guidance;
  7. Promote the adoption of, and adherence to, a code of ethics for guidance practitioners in accordance with the IAEVG Ethical Standards.